Sources of Teacher Beliefs

Yesterday I was reading  experiences of other language teachers . I noticed the book called Reflective Practice written by Thomas C. Farrel.  There was a passage about sources of teacher beliefs in the book.  You may wonder where teachers’ beliefs originate.


“Richards and Lockhart (1994) have suggested that ESL teachers’ beliefs can originate from any of the following six possible sources:

(1) Teachers’ past experience as language learners. For example, if a teacher has learned a second language successfully and comfortably by memorizing vocabulary lists, then there is a good change that the same teacher will have his or her students memorize vocabulary lists too.

(2) Experience of what works best in their classes. Richards and Lockhart (1994) suggest that this may in fact be the main source of beliefs about teaching for many second language teachers and as such many practicing teachers may not want to break an established, and perceived successful, routine.

(3) Established practice within a school that is difficult to change because the school has always used this method.

(4) Personality factors of teachers can be an important source of beliefs as some teachers really enjoy conducting role-play or group work in their classes while others are more comfortable conducting traditional teacher-fronted lessons.

(5) Educationally based or research-based principles can also be a source of teachers’ beliefs in that a teacher may draw on his or her understanding of research in second language reading to support use of predicting style exercises in reading classes.

(6) Method-based sources of beliefs suggest that teachers support and implement a particular method in their classes, “



Product vs Process Writing


To be honest, I find myself close to product writing because it doesn’t require many steps to complete for the final writing. There is only one draft. At the end, teachers can give feedback for learners. Also, It is not too challenging and time consuming. However, everybody is aware of the fact that this approach is somewhat old school nowadays. It doesn’t attract students’ motivation. According to recent researches, most of the students don’t benefit from the feedback given at the end. There has been a shift in teaching and learning writing.

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21st Century Learning Environments

The learning of a foreign language can be a lenghty and difficult process and there are few learning circumstances which can help this process. With the advent of technology, education has been going through changes in terms of learning evironments, tools etc. Compared with traditional learning environments, digital contexts and settings offer more opportunities for the classroom and language learning. It brings solutions to some of the challanges teachers face in traditional learning environments.

Click here for more information about my reflection paper on 21st Century Learning Environments.

Flipping the classroom in teaching Chinese as a foreign language

Through an in-depth analysis of quantitative and qualitative data, this article offers a case study of the advantages and challenges in the application of the flipped learning approach in the instruction of Chinese as a foreign language at the beginning level. Data were collected from two first-year Chinese classes (one in traditional and the other in flipped format) to investigate whether there were statistically significant differences in learning outcomes and students’ levels of satisfaction between the two classes. Final exam and oral test scores showed that students in the flipped class performed better in speaking, since more time was devoted to meaningful interactions in class. As indicated in the results of the end-ofthe-semester questionnaire, these students also gave higher average ratings on three aspects of their learning experience: level of required self-directedness, amount of practice in class, and stimulation of interest in the subject. Continue reading


Website or app: Website and mobile app
Price: Free

Duolingo helps you learn new vocabulary and grammar through interactive games and quizzes both online and on their easy-to-use mobile app. Duolingo separates each lesson by category (food vocabulary, family vocabulary, the verb “to be,” etc.) and—on the desktop version at least—includes helpful tips and notes in case you need more explanation. Continue reading

Extra websites to follow

In my university, each of the students has laptops which were given by the university. we try to use them as much as possible in/out of the classroom. That’s why I suggested some websites  to follow in their free time. Some of them are for listening however some others are for grammar or vocabulary. I will share the list with you here.

Here is the list;

Jenifer ESL

Learn English with

Business English Pod

VOA Learn American English

Learn British English

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Search it! Snapshot in a time.

Dear All,                                                                                                                                                                        Search online to get a “snapshot in time” about a specific year. Use the ideas in the list to help you. In the field below, write a paragraph about what you find.                                         All the best


End of the first term

This year I had only one class as a maincourse teacher, which was an opportunity for me to pay attention to each of the students.I taught 27 students for 20 hours in a week. The age group was between 17-19. They all left their hometowns for the university. The first teacher they met was me. They’re striving to adapt to new life. Throughout the term, we got to know each other and had great relationships. I’m trying to care with my students as much as possible. For me, as a teacher, I’m not only teaching English but also touching their hearts. Besides, outside the classroom, most of them  shared their life stories with me or problems they had. I had to deal with them, as well.   At the end of the term, it was hard for me  to leave the class, but proud of them because of their effort. I pushed them to study a lot, maybe harder than anybody else. Most of the time they complained about assignments. However, they realized that they made  great progress with only four months. The board above, they prepared for the last lesson will be with me forever. Important thing is to leave a smile on their faces when they remember you anytime in the future. I’m sure most of you have the same stories as me. How did you feel when you had to leave your students whom you spent lots of time together? Some people think having intense sentiments towards students can be dangerous for teachers. What do you think?

I’m looking forward to hearing from you.

Educational Technology Summit

I’ll share a conference  for those who are looking for technological innovations. There’ll be expert plenary speakers from different countries, workshops, concurrent sessions, The aim of the conference is to inform people  about the latest innovations and inspire them for the future.  On March 3rd 2018, I highly recommend you to participate .      Tickets can be purchased here.




Plickers is an online assesment tool for classes. It is different from other platforms in a way that it offers rapid assesment in a tech-limited class. Questions  should be prepared in advance and presented on a screen. Students will hold up their responses with pre-prepared cards and teachers can scan the cards with a device(ipad or smart phones). Each card is different. Also, every side of the card represents a choice ( one side is A, the other B etc.) These cards are really appealing. Responses can be seen automatically on a screen. Results can also be printed to track students’ progress or show it to parents. It is a useful and an engaging tool. Students enjoy it. That kind of unusual assesment tools motivates students. Morever, the app is free. It can be used especially in a low-tech classes. However, there are only true-false or multiple choice questions. Also, printing cards for each student might be challenging. Continue reading

Read Theory

ReadTheory is an online reading comprehension website which evalutes learners’ reading ability and recommends suitable passages according to their levels. More than 1000 passages are available in different grades. It diagnoses students’ needs and sends texts accordingly. As students read and answer questions, ReadTheory presents new passages either more difficult or easier. You can use it both desktop and mobile. Continue reading


Quizziz is a fun classroom activitiy which enables students to practice together. All you need is to go to the website and search quizzes made by other teachers. Also, you can create your own quiz and share it with others. Time limit can be added. You can assign quizzes or do it “live” in classes. At the end of the quiz, teachers will have a list of students about their performances. With that data, you can easily diagnose  deficiencies. Gamfication elements like avatars, music, leaderboard and funny memes add to the fun. Continue reading

A Film Review

The Theory of Everything
Biographical drama, 2014

The Theory of Everything is about the scientist Stephen Hawking. The film is based on a book, ‘Travelling to Infinity: My Life with Stephen’ by his wife, Jane Wilde Hawking. The film is set in England and starts in the early 1960s. It tells the story of Hawking’s relationship with Jane, the diagnosis of his motor neuron disease and his success as a physicist. Continue reading

Çevre College 14th ELT CONFERENCE


I am interested in conferences about ELT since it is a good way to be updated. Two years ago, I participated in a conference of Çevre College in Istanbul. It was worth it, for sure. I highly suggest my colleagues to see that conference this year on 24th February. There are expert Plenary Speakers who are Paul Seligson and JJ Wilson for this year and veteran teachers in concurrent sessions.  You can benefit from workshops. Also, you will find almost all of the publishing houses there. That’s a good chance to examine the books and get example ones. The lunch is available between 12-1 pm. Furthermore,  you can register for the busses in the website.The fee is quite affordable, 60₺. You can buy tickets in biletix or cash on campus. At the end of the day, certificates will be distributed.

Plans for the Summer

Dear students,

All of you study hard to learn English.  You spend most of your time for it. I am really proud of you and appreciate your effort.  As you don’t have enough holidays to relax and rest, I am sure that you are longing for the summer holiday. I wonder what you are going to do in summer.  You can get help here for “be going to”. Continue reading

The Digital Nomad

Today was the final day of my bus journey from Lhasa to Kodari, at the border with Nepal. It’s the highest road in the world. It’s also a very long journey. You travel for three days through the Himalayas and you can see the north side of Everest.

This afternoon, we were only ten miles from Kodari and suddenly the bus stopped. The driver got out and looked at the engine. For the next three hours, he tried to fix it, but it didn’t start. Continue reading

An email massage

Dear students                                                                                                                                                             Sorry I didn’t post in my website last week. I was really busy! How are things with you?  How was your weekend? My weekend was good. On saturday morning , I went shopping  with my brother. We bought a lot of new clothes. I got really cool new jacket!  In the afternoon,  I watched television  and then I went for a walk in the park with our dog, Lady.  On Saturday night, I stayed at my brother’s house. Continue reading

Learner Autonomy

“You cannot teach a man anything, you can only help him find it within himself”

Galileo Galilei ( 1564-1642)

In 21st Century, education has been going  through some changes in terms of methods, perspectives, tools, settings etc. In the past, the teacher was the  only authority and the only resource for students to provide information. However; with the advent of internet,  access to information gets easier.  The internet has been growing quite fast in terms of tools, content and resources. So, students have almost everything they need for their education. The question is ”  Are we going to need teachers in the future?”.  The studies and researches show that we need teachers to be a guide or a facilitator. They have to help learners to reach the correct content in a faster way and how to benefit better from the internet etc. Students’ role have to change, as well. They need to be AUTONOMOUS. Continue reading

Seating Arrangements

Seating arrangements of the classes tell us about approaches and activites that can be used in classes. Ignoring the effect of seating arrangement may cause  boring lessons. Do you think that is there a best arrangement for classes? As a teacher, I always change the seating arrangement according to activites and materials. Each pattern has advantages and disadvantages. For instance;

Orderly Rows

Students and teachers have a clear view of each other.

Enabling the teacher making eye contact with people.

The teacher working with the whole class.

Some activites are especially suitable for this organisation such as explaining grammar rules, watching videos or powepoint presentations. However,  some students in the back can make noise.  In this pattern, it is not easy to create a good class dynamic. Teachers have to keep these students involve the lesson.

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