Product vs Process Writing


To be honest, I find myself close to product writing because it doesn’t require many steps to complete for the final writing. There is only one draft. At the end, teachers can give feedback for learners. Also, It is not too challenging and time consuming. However, everybody is aware of the fact that this approach is somewhat old school nowadays. It doesn’t attract students’ motivation. According to recent researches, most of the students don’t benefit from the feedback given at the end. There has been a shift in teaching and learning writing.

Researchers state that writing is more complicated than it seems. Rather than product writing, educators should focus on process writing.  In process writing, the teacher moves away from being someone who sets students a writing topic and receives the finished product for correction without any intervention in the writing process itself. It includes steps such as pre-writing, focusing ideas, evaluating, structuring and editing Researches also show that feedback is more useful between drafts, not when it is done at the end of the task. White and Arntd say that focusing on language errors ‘improves neither grammatical accuracy nor writing fluency’ and they suggest instead that paying attention to what the students say will show an improvement in writing. Teacher and student role is another discussion point. The teacher needs to move away from being a marker to a reader, responding to the content of student writing more than the form. Students should be encouraged to think about audience: Who is the writing for? What does this reader need to know? Students also need to realise that what they put down on paper can be changed: Things can be deleted, added, restructured, reorganised.


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